Ghana Independence Day is celebrated annually on 6 March to commemorate the country’s independence from British colonial rule in 1957.
Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a country in West Africa.
The country’s journey to independence began long before its declaration in 1957. Before the arrival of the Europeans, the region was home to several ancient Ghanaian tribes, including the Ashanti. These tribes settled in areas with abundant natural resources such as gold and ivory, which attracted colonists and led to a struggle for control between various European nations.
Despite the Portuguese being the first to establish a settlement in the region, Britain eventually gained control over parts of the country in 1874 and renamed it the British Gold Coast.
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After World War II, Britain began to reduce its colonies and the power they held worldwide, including those in Africa. This desire for independence was amplified by a rising call for independence in the Gold Coast.
In 1947, the United Gold Coast Convention (U.G.C.C.), a local political party, called for “self-government within the shortest possible time” following the Gold Coast legislative elections.
In 1951, Osagyefo Kwame Nkrumah, the former Secretary-General of the U.G.C.C. and founder of the Convention People’s Party (CPP), won a majority in the Gold Coast legislative election. He became the leader of the Gold Coast government in 1952, and on 6 March 1957, the Gold Coast region declared its independence from the United Kingdom.
The country was established as the Nation of Ghana, and Nkrumah became its first Prime Minister. Ghana became the first sub-Saharan African country to achieve independence from colonial powers.