- However, whilst the third wave of COVID-19 is weighing on a vigorous rebound, the government continues to take the necessary measures to fight the pandemic.
- Performance under the ECF-supported programme has been good. Budget management remains prudent and monetary policy is appropriately accommodative. Structural reforms are advancing, albeit with delays in some areas.
- Accelerating the vaccine rollout, better targeting of social programmes, improving the business environment, unlocking the potential of digitalisation, and adopting gender and climate-oriented policies will support an inclusive, robust, and sustainable recovery.
A team from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), led by Mr Ivohasina Fizara Razafimahefa, Mission Chief for The Gambia, held a virtual mission with the Gambian authorities to conduct the 2021 Article IV consultation and discuss the third review of The Gambia’s economic programme supported by the IMF’s Extended Credit Facility (ECF).
At the conclusion of the mission, the IMF issued the following statement:
“The mission team made significant progress in agreeing with the authorities on the financial and economic policies that could support the completion of the third review of the ECF programme. Performance under the ECF programme was good despite the challenges caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. All quantitative performance criteria at end-June 2021 were met. Structural reforms are advancing, albeit with delays in some areas. Discussions will continue in the coming days, particularly on the 2022 budget, with a view to submitting the programme review to the IMF Executive Board for approval. Upon this approval, SDR 5 million (about US$7 million) will be made available to The Gambia.
“Economic growth stood at -0.2 per cent in 2020 primarily due to a sharp decline in the tourism sector, partly cushioned by good agricultural production and robust private construction financed by record-high remittances. Economic activity is showing early signs of recovery, but the third wave of the pandemic is weighing on a vigorous rebound. Inflation increased during the first half of 2021 but decelerated to 6.9 per cent (year-on-year) in August 2021. Strict cash management helped contain the fiscal deficit at about 2.5 per cent of GDP at end-June 2021 despite weak revenue collection and delays in budget support. The Central Bank continues to maintain an accommodative monetary policy stance; credit to the private sector expanded by 5.7 per cent (year-on-year) in June 2021. Foreign exchange reserves strengthened further, exceeding 5 months of prospective imports in August 2021, also reflecting the recent SDR allocation.
“The Gambian authorities are delivering on their commitments to full transparency of COVID-19-related spending. They published the list of all COVID 19-related procurement contracts and their beneficiary owners up to end-June 2021 on the Gambia Public Procurement Agency’s (GPPA) website. The National Audit Office (NAO) has completed the first phase of an ex-post audit of COVID-19 spending and it is now conducting the second phase of the audit. Good progress has also been made on strengthening revenue administration and public financial management, including on rationalising tax expenditures, digitalising tax systems and budget processes, improving debt management, and enhancing the Central Bank internal audit. The performance of some key State-Owned Enterprises is also improving.
“Going forward, economic growth is expected at around 4.9 per cent in 2021 and strengthening further in the medium term to an average of 6 per cent per year. These projections are conditioned by a rapid expansion of vaccination coverage, gradual recovery in tourism, and continued good performance of private construction and agriculture. The authorities are committed to using the one-off revenue from the petroleum sector and a part of the recent SDR allocation to fight against the COVID-19 pandemic and support the post-pandemic recovery, including closing the infrastructure gap and supporting gender and climate-oriented policies, while reducing debt vulnerabilities.
“The mission team held discussions with Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs Mambury Njie, Governor of the Central Bank of The Gambia Buah Saidy, senior staff of the Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs; the Central Bank of The Gambia; the Ministries of Health, Agriculture and Fishery, Transport Works and Infrastructure, Justice, Petroleum and Energy, Tourism and Culture, Environment and Climate Change, Trade Industry and Regional Integration, and Information and Communication; and some state-owned enterprises.
“The mission team also had a fruitful discussion with the Inter-Party Committee (IPC) as well as the two National Assembly committees in charge of Public Enterprises and Finance and Public Accounts who all showed strong support for the reforms under the ECF programme. The mission team also discussed with representatives of the private sector, civil society, banking and microfinance institutions, and development partners. The mission team would like to thank the Gambian authorities for the constructive discussions and their cooperative spirit.”
Learn More: The Gambia and the IMF